8 The history of the spread of garden crops in Central Asia
Peach comes from North and Central China, where it was grown in the third millennium BC.
Celery is the birthplace of Italy, where it was bred in the 16th century. At the same time in Siberia, celery was previously known. From the primitive leaf celery, its root and stalked varieties developed to the beginning of our era.
Melons, watermelons, leading forage crops, alfalfa, and clover spread from Turkey, Iran and Central Asia.
China is the homeland of tea bushes from South China and Assam (India). Peach, grapes and clover came to China from Persia.
In the 4th century, mulberry was brought from China to Central Asia.
Central Asia is the birthplace of several types of melon.
The center of origin of such crops as apricot, almond, walnut, pistachio, pomegranate, figs, some apples and pears, is located in Central Asia.
In Central Asia, the grape culture goes back centuries. From historical sources it is known that the grapes were cultivated here long before the campaigns of A. the Great (4th century BC). During the period of Arab rule (7–9 centuries), international relations expanded, and this promoted the introduction of new grape varieties from the East.
Middle of 1 thousand BC. - Discovered archaeological finds of seeds - wheat, millet, cotton, grapes, melons, apricot seeds.
2-1 centuries. BC.
In Small An, wheat, rice, millet, alfalfa, cotton, grapes, pomegranate, and walnut were grown.
5 in. ne Sogdian written documents in the castle on Mount Mug, contain a lot of information about the cultivation of crops. In the middle of 1 thousand AD wheat, barley, rice, cotton, yellow and white cherries, and peaches were grown.
In the castle on Mount Mug, archaeologists have found some remnants of crops planted today, including cherry seeds, cherries, grape tendrils, apple parts, barley grain, beans, millet ears, seeds and apricot seeds, grapes, peach, cotton /
7-8 centuries. The Arabs imported new agricultural and horticultural crops from the Levant - sesame, rice, lemon, melon, apricot, shallot, pomegranate, jasmine, yellow roses from Iran.
In the 15-16 centuries. they grew eggplants, onions, carrots, coriander, turnips, peppers, radish — black, green, white, various types of pumpkin.
According to Badriddin Kashmiri, Big Ah had persimmon, lemon and boxwood seedlings.
Small An corn crops have already been distributed.
In the basin of the river. Yaksart - they grew onions, carrots, peas and pepper.
1820 Big An - carnations, sunflowers, cherries, apples, quinces, pears, plums, grapes, pomegranates, peaches, apricots, figs.
1820 In Big An there are many well-known garden plants in Europe, such as swede, beet, cabbage, turnip, short and large carrots, onions, cucumbers and excellent melons with a green surface and white flesh. But there were no potatoes yet