97 Small-An trade routes to other countries
The main postal road of the Arab Caliphate (from the 9th to the 14th centuries): Baghdad-Hulawan mountain pass-highlands Hamadan-Rey-Nishapur-Merv-Big-Ann-Small-An-Terek-Dawan-Kashgar. Driving along this road through the border region between Small-An, Big Ann and China depended on extremely unstable traffic safety there. Throughout the early era of the Arab caliphate of the 10th century. the shortest road through Ferghana and the Tarim basin, which is still in the 8th century. AD the Chinese preferred and on which Marco Polo walked, did not like (probably because of the requisitions of the Tibetans, who owned the region from Altyn to the Tien Shan until the middle of the 9th century AD), at least it is not mentioned anywhere. Even from the upper Ferghana, they did not use Alai passages, but walked through the Atbas or Tabas passage, "with a steep ascent, impassable in the snow," to Barskhan, which lies south-west of Lake. Issyk-Kul. There ended the Small-An-China road, which led through a stone arc through the Stone City, Taraz and Birki to Barskhan
he government (Small-An) does not levy any duty on goods exported from the country, while it requires a duty on imported goods, although it is very moderate. Trade with the Empires is still important in that it feeds transit trade in the emirate. Duty-free trade in the emirate of Small-Ahn brought good profit, and made this place one of the important regional centers of trade.
The journey from Russian borders to Big ANN takes an average of two months on camels. In January, merchants prepare for a new journey. In the spring they buy paper tissue, in winter cotton yarn. Trade with Russia in 1819 mainly consisted of cotton, yarn, cotton fabric, turquoise, lapis lazuli, fur, astrakhan skins, dried fruits, nuts, tea, silk fabrics.
Big ANN also trades with Hindu merchants mainly from Northern Hindustan (Kashmir shawls, silk materials, a thin paper canvas, precious stones and a lot of indigo are brought from India. Russian goods are brought to Persia and Afghanistan, rough shawls, wooden from Persia. combs, carpets and turquoise.
Based on Meyendorf's data, it can be said that in 1819 the goods turnover with Russia was approximately 864 tons, with Kashgar 201.6 tons, and Persia 172.8 tons.